Environmental Governance of Pesticides in Ethiopian Vegetable and Cut Flower Production

Titre Environmental Governance of Pesticides in Ethiopian Vegetable and Cut Flower Production
Lien hypertexte Site de « http://edepot.wur.nl »
Auteur BELAY, Tizazu Mengistie
Date 2016
Pagination 270 p.
Notes Thèse de doctorat, Université de Wageningen
Résumé "The development and enforcement of effective pesticide policy and regulations represent important components to address these recognized problems. The particular case of pesticides use in Ethiopia is here developed as an opportunity to better understand pesticide governance. As an agricultural country, Ethiopia relies heavily on the use of pesticides to protect crops and increase yields. During the past decades, Ethiopia has experienced an approximate four-fold increase in pesticide use. Ethiopia has developed a pesticides regulatory system with procedures and regulations governing the whole pesticide life cycle: from registration and procurement, import/local manufacture of pesticides to disposal of empty chemical containers. A pertinent and timely question is, whether the Ethiopian policy on pesticide registration, distribution and use are implemented in an effective and sustainable way ? Empirical research on the pesticide governance in Ethiopia has not been done up till now. In this light, the main objective of this study is to examine the interface between policy and practice with respect to governing pesticides in relation to the challenges of registration, importation, distribution and use and to review how different actors (state, market actors and the farmers) can better govern pesticides to achieve environmental sustainability and workers’ health and safety.»

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